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Nov 22

Correlations between Diabetes and Periodontal Disease

Correlations between Diabetes and Periodontal Disease

Diabetes means that you have too much glucose (sugar) in your body. If you have diabetes, it can lead to serious health problems that can cause harm to your eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart and other important system in the body. However, there are also some oral health implications associated with diabetes. The most common and potentially harmful oral health problems are gingivitis and periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease where the gums and bone supporting the teeth become seriously damaged and result in tooth and bone loss.

People with Diabetes may experience

  • Dry mouth
  • Redness and swelling of the gums
  • Poor healing process in the mouth
  • Burning sensation and thrush.

Patients with inadequate blood sugar control appear to develop periodontitis more often and more severely and lose more teeth than those who control their diabetes.

Dry Mouth:

  • People with diabetes have decrease flow of saliva, which leads to dry mouth and dry mouth leads to tooth decay.
  • If you suffer from dry mouth, ask your dentist what types of artificial saliva substitute you can use.
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Fluoride rinses or gel can be used to prevent tooth decay.

Precautions to take :

  • Visiting your dentist regularly should be part of your regimen and your dentist should know any changes in your medical condition.
  • Follow recommended oral hygiene instruction provided by your dentist. With diabetic condition it is recommended that you visit your dentist every 4 months.
  • Always tell your dentist what types of medication you’re on, amount of insulin you take.
  • Always provide your dentist with your last A1C and fasting blood glucose. In general diabetics with hemoglobin level of A1C less than 7% is considered well controlled anything above 8% is considered to be poor controlled.

Things you should do to control your periodontal disease

  • follow up home care, maintain good oral hygiene
  • visit your dentist regularly to prevent periodontal disease and other health complications from developing
  • Brush Twice daily and floss
  • Don’t smoke, smoking makes gums disease worst
  • Use fluoride Mouth rinse and Toothpaste